Day 1 :
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Romania
Time : 09:30-10:00
Louisiana State University, USA
Time : 10:00-10:30
J P Draayer is currently president of SURA and Roy P.Daniels Professor of Physics at Louisiana State University, USA. Dr. Draayer received a Ph.D. in Physics and
Mathematics (1968) and a B.S. in Physics and Electrical Engineering (1964), both from Iowa State University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science. In his 30+ years as a faculty member in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Louisiana State University,
Dr. Draayer has served as chair of his Department, Vice-president of the Faculty Senate, and Chair of the Council for the College of Basic Sciences. He also holds a joint
appointment as a professor in the Department of Computer Science. He has sponsored 17 long-term/sabbatical visitors, 13 postdoctoral associates, 17 Ph.D. candidates,
plus a complement of M.S. students.
Exploiting symmetries to unveil simplicity within complexity remains the holy grail of nuclear physics. Frequently referenced
as ‘from quarks to the cosmos’ studies, this topic is laced with technical innovations that have proven to spawn big benefits
for mankind. The author plans to briefly discuss the scientific agenda of Jefferson Lab, along with its exemplar technologies that
highlight current and future innovation – from faster and more energy efficient computer chips to the early detection of cancer – all
driven forward by scientific discovery at this the newest of the DOE’s labs, a lab that was purposed to explore and expose the very
nature of the strong and weak interactions, which dominate physical matter at the extremes of the universe. The author will also
comment on the rapidly changing nature of science, as it plays a growing role in shaping our future – things that used to be framed
as science for the sake of science, now emerging as the underpinning of significant technologies that can directly impact the world
order. From very sophisticated hockey-puck-sized communications satellites to quantum computing, it seems we are knocking on
the door a different brave new world. Nevertheless, exposing simplicity within complexity and exploiting it remains key!
GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Germany
Keynote: Exploring the limits: From halo nuclei to super heavy elements - basic research and new medical applications
Time : 11:00-11:30
Gottfried Münzenberg completed his PhD at Giessen University. He was the Leader of the GSI Department: Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Chemistry and University Professor at Mainz University. Among his awards are the Röngten Preis of Giessen University, the Otto Hahn Preis der Stadt Frankfurt, and the Lise Meitner Prize of EPS. He was awarded Hononrary Doctor of JINR Dubna and University of Jyväskylä.
Exploring the limits of the existence of elementary matter is a primary goal of nuclear physics. New species such as halo nuclei
and super heavy elements have been discovered. Experimental methods have been further developed for medical applications
including cancer therapy with heavy ion beams and time-of-flight mass spectrometry for medical diagnostics. This work has been
largely carried out at the GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforscheung. Light neutron rich nuclei at the limits of nuclear
binding develop neutron halos. The nuclear core is surrounded by a halo of dilute neutron matter, heavier species develop a neutron
skin. Reaction studies give new insights in nuclear structure. The key instrument for these experiments is the GSI projectile fragment
separator (FRS). With the FRS basic research for cancer therapy with heavy ion beams such as the choice of the therapy beam
and a special PET diagnostics have been made. Super heavy elements (SHE) at the upper end of the periodic table exist only by
shell stabilization. At GSI the new species of deformed shell stabilized SHE has been discovered. The spherical super heavy nucleipredicted for Z=114 are still waiting for discovery though this proton number has already been surpassed with heaviest element
observed, oganesson, with 118 protons. To reach this goal the new generation of SHE factories is under way. Drawbacks of the
existing experiments are the insufficient sensitivity and the identification by decay characteristics. The new SHE factories will
provide more beam intensity for higher sensitivity and direct A, Z identification by isobaric mass measurement with high-resolving
multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometers (MRTOF-MS). These spectrometers have a resolving power of 600,000 and are
also suitable for the analysis of macro molecules or even cell fragments. Such spectrometers are developed at Giessen University.
Experiments for the identification of exotic nuclei created in transfer reactions are under way.
Tsinghua University, China
Time : 11:30-12:00
Gui Lu Long is a Professor at Tsinghua University, fellow of IoP (UK) and fellow of APS (US). He is the current President of Associations of Asian Pacific Physical Societies and was Vice-Chair of C13 of IUPAP during 2015–2017. He received his BSc from Shandong University in 1982 and PhD from Tsinghua University in 1987 respectively. He has been working in Tsinghua since 1987. During 1989-1993 he was a Research Fellow in the University of Sussex in UK. He published more 300 refereed papers and has more than 14000 citations in Google-Scholar.
The interpretation of the wave function in quantum mechanics has been a subject for debate ever since quantum mechanics was
established. There are many interpretations of quantum mechanics and the dominant one is the Copenhagen interpretation where the wave function is a mere mathematical description. After many years of research in quantum information and teaching of quantum mechanics, the author gradually formulated his own interpretation, a realistic interpretation (REIN) of quantum mechanics. In this keynote talk, the author will present in details the main points of the REIN. In particular, an explanation of the measurement is given. An encounter delayed choice experiment is described. In many aspects, REIN is more natural than other interpretation. Comparisons with other interpretations will also be discussed.
University of Reims, France
Time : 12:00-13:00
Mioara Mugur Schachter was born in Romania, she arrived in France in 1962 from Bucharest. Her PhD thesis - of which the whole content had been elaborated before
hand in Bucharest and sent to Louis de Broglie - contains the first and very elaborated invalidation of von Neumann's famous proof asserting the impossibility of hidden
parameters compatible with the quantum mechanical formalism. This work was published in a volume prefaced by Louis de Broglie and published in the collection Les
grands problèmes des sciences, Gauthiers Villars, Paris, 1964.Since that time, a professor of theoretical physics in France and currently president of CESEF.
This is not an interpretation of the Hilbert-Dirac quantum mechanics QMHD. It exposes the principles of a new representation of
microstates called a second quantum mechanics and denoted QM2. This representation is rooted directly into the a-conceptual
physical reality wherefrom it has been constructed bottom-up, conceptually and formally and in uninterrupted relation with
factuality. First a qualitative but formalized representation of the general characteristics of any physical theory of the microstates is
developed quite independently of the quantum mechanical formalism and outside it, under exclusively the [operational-conceptualmethodological]
constraints entailed by the requirement of a consensual, predictive, and verifiable description of entities that –
radically – cannot be perceived directly by human conceptors-observers. This representation is called infra-(quantum mechanics)
and is denoted IQM. The specific purpose of IQM is to offer a reference-and-imbedding-structure for the construction of any
acceptable theory of the microstates: Only a pre-structure of this sort could permit to overcome the thick inertial ties that immobilize
the minds inside an out-dated theory that still subsists only by idolization. Indeed IQM overcomes the idolization by constructing
comparability with QMHD, which endows with criteria for estimating from various and definite points of view the significance
and the adequacy of each one among the main classes of mathematical representational elements from its formalism. IQM can
be regarded as a first realization from a whole group of structures of a new kind, constructed inside the framework of the general
Method of Relativized Conceptualization MRC and conceived in order to act as infra-(representational structures) for guiding the
construction of a theory on any given domain of physical entities. By systematic reference to IQM – is worked out a preliminary
critical examination of QMHD. It thus appears that: (a) QMHD is devoid of any general formal representation of the physical,
individual entities and operations that it quite essentially does involve: the whole level of individual conceptualization of the
microstates is lacking, massively. Inside QMHD are clearly defined exclusively abstract statistics of results of measurements on
only ghostly sketched out physical entities and physical operations on these; and even these definitions themselves are found to be
incomplete, or cryptic, or even inadequate. (b) The mathematical formalism from QMHD does involve – and in a quite fundamental
role – a definite model of a specimen of a microstate, namely de Broglie's wave-model with a corpuscular-like singularity in its
amplitude. But both this fact and its meaning remain implicit. So their consequences are not systematically recognized and made use
of. This entails a catastrophic hole in the process of representation, namely absence of explicit coding rules of the observable effects
of an act of quantum-measurements, in terms of a definite value of the measured quantity. From (a) and (b) it follows that QMHD
is simply devoid of an acceptable representation of the quantum measurements: Such, in fact, is the idolized nowadays Hilbert-
Dirac Quantum-Mechanics. The mentioned lacunae are then compensated via a radically constructive bottom-up approach that
starts from local zeros of knowledge on the individual physical entities that are involved. First a new representation of the quantum
measurements is elaborated for any un-bound microstate, whether devoid of a quantum-potential, or containing such a potential
(while the category of bound states does not raise questions of principle from the point of view of IQM). The elaboration of this
representation involves incorporation of a second central feature from Louis de Broglie's approach, beside his model, namely the
guiding-rule that defines the momentum observable of the corpuscular-like singularity from the wave of a specimen of the studied
microstate. The mathematical representation of predictive probability-measures on results of outcomes of quantum measurements
are then constructed factually – via measurements – just as one is obliged to do for verifying the asserted predictions. Thereby this
representation emerges independent of the Schrödinger equation of the problem. So the use of this equation – if it can be written and solved – is quite generally duplicated by a factual-formal procedure for establishing the predictions. This permits control of
the output of the equation when gross idealizations or/and approximations are involved. And when the equation cannot be solved
or even cannot be defined, this offers the possibility of a total factual replacement of its theoretical output. (Such a situation is first
surprising inside a fundamental theory of mathematical physics; but finally it appears as quite consonant with the new possibilities
generated by the progresses realized in informatics and in nanotechnology). Finally, around the core constituted by the mentioned
new representation of the quantum measurements, is structured a very synthetic global outline of the Second Quantum Mechanics,
QM2. This emerges as a fully intelligible, consensual, predictive and verifiable representation of microstates where the operational
generation of conceptual-experimental data on factually generated microstates are expressed in formalized qualitative terms while
the asserted verifiable predictions are expressed in terms of Hilbert-vectors.
- High Energy Nuclear Physics | Quantum Science & Technology | Classical & Modern Physics | Atomic, Molecular & Optical Physics
Location: Slyt 3
Laszlo P Csernai worked as Professor of Theoretical Physics in Bergen, Norway in the recent 30 years. He has earlier worked in Hungary, East- and West Germany and in
the USA. He supervised 23 students for Master’s degree and 16 for PhD from his Bergen Graduates and Postdocs, today seven are Professors, in USA, China, Romania,
Spain and Oslo. He worked primarily in the field of nuclear theory, mostly with high energy heavy ions and has more than 300 publications in many fields of physics.
Between 2000-2005, he was directing the Bergen Computational Physics Laboratory, a 1 million Euro, Research Infrastructure of the EU. He is member of Det Norske
Videnskaps-Akademi, the Norwegian Academy of Science and Technology, two Hungarian Academies and he is now member of the Council and earlier he Chaired the
Physics and Engineering Section of Academia Europaea.
The physical fundamentals of sustainable development in physics and entropy as well as the basics of energy, heat and
entropy and waste heat will be presented. Following the ground breaking work of E Schroedinger, it will be shown that
sustainable development can be quantitatively connected to decreasing entropy. Subsequently we will discuss different energy
sources, their efficiency and the connected entropy production. Energy storage and transfer will be analyzed for different
processes from the point of view of efficiency and entropy production. Finally the same analysis will be presented for energy
use and some examples from present human technology.
Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Romania
Time : 14:20-14:40
Livius Trache is versatile physicist with over 35 years experience of work in several nuclear physics laboratories in Eastern and Western Europe, Russia and USA.
Research in experimental nuclear physics, with contributions in nuclear structure, in nuclear astrophysics, and in reactions between heavy ions, including reactions with
radioactive nuclear beams. Have developed theoretical models needed to describe the nuclear structure studied, and for new indirect methods for nuclear astrophysics.
Experienced in equipment design and construction and also in applied nuclear physics, ranging from the analysis of macroelements and trace elements in archaeological
material and in semiconductors using atomic and nuclear methods (XRF, PIXE, neutron activation, proton or deuteron activation), to the detection of nuclear radiation. He
lead a nuclear structure group in the Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN) in Bucharest, Romania from 1983 to 1998 and one at Texas A&M University. He
had in the past and he have currently approved experiments in laboratories in Germany, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Italy, France and Japan. Experienced working with
large experimental devices or arrangements, like magnetic spectrometers and multidetectors.
We have learned so much about the Universe in these few first years of the 21st century that we are wondering if we are in
the midst of a revolution in physics similar to that of the first decades of the last century. Many of these discoveries of the
21st century were made by progress in observations of the macro-cosmos, looking above us with better and better tools. Others
were coming from the study of the micro-cosmos, and better and more powerful tools were essential here, too. But many of
the news from the stars above us rely on data we gather in the terrestrial laboratories. Nuclear reactions are the fuel of the stars
and the elemental abundances are fingerprints of the evolution of the Universe, but to understand these broad and well-known
statements we need the data of what we call nuclear astrophysics; or better said nuclear physics for astrophysics. These studies
are carried out in nuclear physics laboratories, large and small. The author will refer to a few of these, exemplifying with work
that the author has done with his group, or he participated to. They are carried out in large institutions around the world,
dedicated to the production and use of radioactive nuclear beams or in smaller laboratories hidden underground in order
to improve the chances of detection in cases of very poor signal/background ratio. The latter are direct nuclear astrophysics
measurements, while the former are using what we call indirect methods. Both cases involve better technologies and the
contact with industries was and remains crucial in their realization. That comes in large facilities, pushing the size and power
limits of current technologies, or in smaller sizes, insisting on better detector materials and smaller and smaller, but more and
more complex and fast electronics and data acquisition systems. The examples used will be from studies of radiative proton
capture processes and of carbon burning.
Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan
Title: Determination of the first ionization potentials of heavy actnides based on an atom at a time scale
Time : 14:40-15:00
Yuichiro Nagame is currently Senior Associate of Advanced Science Research Center in Japan Atomic Energy Agency and Professor of Ibaraki University. He received a
PhD degree in 1982 with a study of strongly damped collision mechanism in heavy ion induced nuclear reactions from Tokyo Metropolitan University. His research interests
are chemical and nuclear properties of the heaviest elements, nuclear fission, heavy ion induced nuclear reactions and so on. He served as a Chairman of Japan Society
of Nuclear and Radio chemical Sciences during 2010-2012. He was an IUPAC Associate Member from 2000 to 2001, and is a Member/Fellow of IUPAC since 2002.
The first ionization potential (IP1) is one of the most sensitive atomic properties which reflect the outermost electron
configuration. Precise and accurate determination of IP1 of heavy elements allows us to give significant information on
valence electronic structure affected by relativistic effects. The IP1 values of heavy elements up to einsteinium (Es, Z=99),
produced in a nuclear reactor in macroscopic quantities were successfully measured by resonance ionization mass spectroscopy.
IP1 values of heavy elements with Z≥100, however, have not been determined experimentally, because both half lives and
production rates of nuclides of still heavier elements are rapidly decreasing, which forces us to manage elements on an atomat-
a-time scale. In the present study, we report the determination of the IP1 values of heavy actinides from fermium (Fm,
Z=100) through lawrencium (Lr, Z=103) using a surface ionization technique. The surface ion-source installed in JAEA-ISOL
(isotope separator on-line) was applied for measuring the ionization of the short-lived nuclides 249Fm (half-life T1/2=2.6 min),
251Md (T1/2=4.27 min), 257No (T1/2=24.5 s), and 256Lr (T1/2=27 s) that were produced in the 243Am + 11B, 243Am + 12C, 248Cm + 13C,
and 249Cf + 11B reactions, respectively, at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The number of ions collected after the mass-separation
was determined by α-particle spectroscopy to evaluate ionization efficiencies. The obtained IP1 values are in good agreement
with those predicted by state of the art relativistic calculations as well as with early prediction. The contribution will present
experimental details and results obtained in this study.
Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Poland
Time : 15:00-15:20
Lidia Obojska has completed her PhD in 1999 from Warsaw University, and her habilitation in 2014 from Polish Academy of Science in Warsaw. She is a Professor at
Siedlce University, and the Head of the Department of Mathematics and Physics. She has published papers in the field of mathematics and physics. She wrote a book on
a non-classical collective set theory, and has been serving as a referee in several journals.
The following presentation proposes a way to construct quaternions describing singlet states of quantum particles. The
given method follows from an entangled-part theory(EPT). The basic relation of EPT is the division relation, which is
pre-ordering; the anti-symmetry is rejected. Anti-symmetry is necessary for establishing order on elements, but in some cases
it can be too restrictive since it excludes duality; i.e. it glues objects together that are symmetric. In the proposed theory
we define an ordering in terms of the division relation. Moreover, we apply the rejection of anti-symmetry for definition of
indistinguishable objects. In this way, within EPT we can interpret singlet states of quantum particles. The obtained results
suggest that there exist two pairs of quaternions, and they are the only quaternions generating singlet states because they
are generators of the same finite group. Quaternions that form a pair have the same angles of rotation, and the same vectors,
designating the axis of rotation; however, the rotations are in opposite directions. Finally, once quaternions for singlet states
were created, we may be able to generalize the method, and create pairs of quaternions for any, finite number of entangled
particles. Such research is in progress.
Eliza Wajch completed her PhD from Lodz University in 1988 and her habilitation in Poland in 1998. She is a Mathematician working on topology, axiomatic foundations
of mathematics and physics, as well as on applied mathematics. She participated in international conferences on topology, real analysis, set theory, number theory and
on physics. She is an Author or Co-author of about 40 articles and of one book. Currently, she is an Associate Professor at the Department of Mathematics and Physics of
Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce in Poland.
This research concerns consequences of modifications of several axioms of Krause’s remarkable quasi-set theory (QST) in
which quantum objects, indistinguishability and quasi-cardinals are taken into consideration. A motivation for changes
of QST, strictly relevant to applications in quantum mechnics, will be given. A notion of a model of QST is suggested since
satisfactory constructions of models of QST are needed. It can be shown that, paradoxically, it may happen in a model of
QST that there exists an infinite collection of pairwise distinct quasi-cardinal assignments such that distinct members of
this collection assign distinct quasi-cardinals to the same quasi-set of micro-atoms of QST although every quasi-set has only
one quasi-cardinal with respect to a given quasi-cardinal assignment. This is an answer to the following question posed, in
November 2017, by F Holik who had been inspired by my results shown partly at the 2nd International Conference on Physics
in Brussels in August 2017: is it possible to create a denumerable family of equally valid quasi-cardinal functions in such a way
that it can be proved that a particle number of a given quasi-set cannot be defined? Comments on another question of F Holik
whether different quasi-cardinal functions can represent different outcomes of a physical experiment with a particle number
measurement will be made.
Volkshochschule beider Basel, Switzerland
Time : 16:00-16:20
Bernardo Gut went to the St. Andrew's Scots School, studied Science in Zürich, obtaining his PhD from the University of Zürich. He taught Science, Philosophy, and
Spanish at the Gymnasium Münchenstein, near Basel, from 1967 till 2005. He has published more than 20 papers in several journals and written several books, above all
on epistemology, consistency in set theory and in the theory of relativity, but also on biological subjects
Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity (SRT) belongs to the set of dogmatic–deducible theories. Einstein based the SRT on
two postulates, which prescribe, with regard to certain settings, the kind of sensory appearances, i.e. observations, above
all measurements, that are to be expected. Its postulates are:
1.Postulate of Relativity (= PoR), insisting that in inertial frames of reference K°, K' moving reciprocally at a constant speed ǀvǀ
along their parallel x°–x'–axes identical laws of Nature have to be valid.
2.Postulate of Constant Velocity of Light (= PoL), initially declaring that for observers in K° a light signal L°, emitted by a
source Q°of K° along its x°–axis, moves at velocity ǀcǀ, independently of any motion of Q°.
According to the PoR, the PoL must also hold good for observers in K', but only so if symmetric premises to those valid for
observers in K° are given for observers in K' – this being a strict, irrevocable conditio sine qua non. Relativists, however, apply
the PoL together with the PoR directly to L°, without transferring the source of light from K° to K', i.e. without assembling in
the frame of reference K' a symmetric configuration to the one previously established for the frame of reference K°. This lack
of symmetry means that relativists fail to apply either of the postulates properly; in fact, they suddenly change the meaning
they had initially conferred to the two expressions 'PoR' and 'PoL', thereby transgressing the fundamental Principle of Identity.
Furthermore, they break the Principle of Non–Contradiction, since they had previously declared the mutual relative speed of
K' and K° to be ǀvǀ, thereby implicitly inferring that the same real units were meant by the same terms (e.g. 'm' and 's' to specify
velocity) in both frames of reference K° and K'. It follows that the SRT is logically inconsistent; as such, it is not possible to
corroborate the theory experimentally.
Musa D Abdullahi obtained his BSc degree in Physics from the University of Manchester, England, 1965. He was the first person to obtain a Postgraduate degree in
Electronics and Telecoms from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria in August 1968. He taught at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria and Federal University of Technology
Minna in Nigeria. He is a Fellow of the Nigerian Academy of Engineering. He retired from public service in August 2000. He is now an Adjunct Lecturer in the Department
of Physics, UMYU, Katsina, Nigeria. He is a prolific contributor of papers in online journals.
This paper assumed that the charge and mass of a particle are independent of its speed relative to an observer. A moving
particle of charge Q and mass m with an electrostatic field Eo at an angle θ to the direction of speed v is considered. The
intrinsic energy of the particle is contained in its electrostatic field. The magnetic field generated takes no energy. It is shown
that, as a result of aberration of electric field Eo, becomes a dynamic electric field Ev displaced by aberration angle α from
the stationary position. Equating the difference between the energy of dynamic field Ev and the energy of electrostatic field
Eo, with the kinetic energy ½ mv2 of the particle, gives a mass-energy equivalence law as E = ½ mc2. It is also shown that a
charged particle moving at time t with acceleration dv/dt produces a reactive electric field Ea = -μoεoφ(dv/dt), where μo is the
permeability and εo the permittivity of space and φ the potential at a point due to the charge. It is proposed that Ea acts on the
same charge Q producing it, to create a reactive force equal and opposite to the accelerating force, so that EaQ = -μoεoφQ(dv/
dt) = -2Eμoεo(dv/dt) = -m(dv/dt), where E = φQ/2 = ½ mc2 is the electrostatic energy and c2 = 1/μoεo, c being the speed of light.
The reactive field Ea explains the cause of inertia of a body as an electrical effect in the body.
Xiangyu Kong is a PhD candidate at Tsinghua University from Guilu Long group. His research area is duality quantum computing and NMR quantum information processing.
Duality quantum computing is a new mode of a quantum computer that admits linear combinations of unitaries. Duality
quantum computing can realize an arbitrary sum of unitaries and therefore a general quantum operator, which is called
a generalized quantum gate. All linear bounded operators can be realized by the generalized quantum gates, and unitary
operators are just the extreme points of the set of generalized quantum gates. Duality quantum computing provides flexibility
and a clear physical picture in designing quantum algorithms, and serves as a powerful bridge between quantum and classical
algorithms. Thus there are many applications in duality quantum computing, such as solving linear equations, simulating
open quantum system, simulating quantum channels and so on. Recently, we present a quantum algorithm to probabilistically
perform the creation and annihilation operators via duality quantum computing.